Scientists believe the odds of a massive caldera forming

March 31, 2013

buy canada goose jacket cheap ‘Ring of Fire’ volcano risk the last Canada Goose Parka obstacle for Japan nuclear plants buy canada goose jacket cheap

canada goose store TOKYO, June 4 (Reuters) In the three years since the Fukushima disaster, Japan utilities have pledged $15 billion to harden their nuclear plants against earthquakes, tsunamis, tornadoes and terrorist attacks. canada goose store

Canada Goose online But as Japan nuclear safety regulator prepares to rule on whether the first of the country 48 idled reactors is ready to be come back online, the post Fukushima debate about how safe is safe enough has turned canada goose to a final risk: volcanoes. The plant, some 1,000 km (600 miles) south of Tokyo, lies in uk canada goose a region of active volcanic sites. Canada Goose online

Canada Goose Jackets Critics, including some scientists who were consulted by the NRA, say that shows regulators are Canada Goose Outlet turning a blind eye to the kind of unlikely but potentially devastating chain of events that pushed the Fukushima Daiichi plant into a triple meltdown in 2011 when canada goose factory sale a tsunami crashed into the facility. Canada Goose Jackets

canada goose coats on sale The debate canada goose uk black friday has played out in several months of public hearings in Tokyo by the NRA and could weigh on the last hurdle for restarting nuclear plants the opinion of local residents at a time when the costs of keeping reactors shut are mounting. canada goose coats on sale

buy canada goose jacket While cheap Canada Goose reactors have been Canada Goose Jackets offline, Japan has had to https://www.radondenvercolorado.com spend around $87 billion on replacement fuel, utility operators estimate. buy canada goose jacket cheap Before 2011, Japan got about 30 percent of its electricity from nuclear power. buy canada goose jacket

Kyushu Electric business plan hinges on getting its two reactor Canada Goose online facility at canada goose black friday sale Sendai restarted. The utility has posted $5.9 billion in losses over the past three years and is seeking a $1 billion bailout in new equity from the Development Bank of buy canada goose jacket Japan.

Critics say the NRA safety review overestimates the power of science Canada Goose Coats On Sale to predict future volcanic eruptions.

canada goose coats Japan lies on the of Fire a horseshoe shaped band of fault lines and volcanoes circling the edges of the Pacific Ocean. Japan itself canada goose uk shop is home to 110 active volcanoes. canada goose coats

Canada Goose Parka Sendai, at the southern Canada Goose sale end of the island of Kyushu, is 50 km (31 miles) from Sakurajima, an active canada goose clearance volcano. Five giant calderas, crater like depressions formed by past eruptions, are also in the region, the closest one just 40 km (25 miles) from the Sendai plant. Canada Goose Parka

canada goose believes that volcanic risks have been adequately canada goose jackets discussed, said Setsuya Nakada, a professor of volcanology at the University of Tokyo, who advised officials when they were forming regulatory guidelines for monitoring volcanoes. canada goose

canada goose clearance sale Eruptions that form calderas are devastating, but extremely rare. Scientists believe the odds of a massive caldera forming eruption happening in Japan are less than 1 in 10,000 in any given year. canada goose clearance sale

canadian goose jacket Evidence of the most recent mega eruption in southern Japan is the underwater Kikai caldera, which was formed by a violent eruption around 7,300 years ago. The eruption covered southern Kyushu with more than 60 centimetres of ash. canadian goose jacket

HOLLYWOOD SCRIPT At times, the catastrophic scenarios that have been floated in debating the safety of Sendai before the NRA have sounded like a plot line from a Hollywood disaster movie.

cheap Canada Goose In one model presented by Kyushu Electric, an eruption similar to one 12,000 years ago would cover the Sendai facility canada goose uk outlet with 15 centimetres of ash and block roads. The utility said it would be able to clear the ash and Sendai could still function. cheap Canada Goose

Kyushu Electric cheap canada goose uk also said it would install new monitoring equipment around nearby calderas and develop plans to remove highly radioactive fuel to a safer site if the threat of an eruption is detected.

canada goose clearance But Toshitsugu canadian goose jacket Fujii, the head of the Japan Meteorological Agency volcanic eruption monitoring committee and honorary professor of volcanology at the University uk canada goose outlet of Tokyo, said there was no demonstrated way to Canada Goose Online predict eruptions. canada goose clearance

Canada Goose sale wouldn be surprising for any part of Japan to experience earthquakes or volcanic eruptions at any canada goose coats time. The question is when, and we don have the technology to canada goose clearance sale predict that, Fujii told Reuters. Canada Goose sale

The NRA is less concerned.

judgment is that it is unlikely that a destructive eruption would occur in the next 30 to 40 years, NRA Chairman Shunichi Tanaka told reporters last week.

canada goose black friday sale As soon as the NRA clears the Sendai nuclear plant for restart, local townships closest to the facility will hold public hearings. The government has said it will defer to the prefecture and the host city canada goose store to make the final decision. canada goose black friday sale

Canada Goose Outlet Charles Connor, a professor at the University of South Florida School of Geosciences, said the risk of a caldera forming eruption near the Sendai plant was low on the time canada goose coats on sale scale of the human experience Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose deals we can draw something from the Fukushima tragedy it is that dialogue has to develop between scientists and regulators so citizens can understand risk and reach a balanced decision on what is acceptable, he said canada goose deals.

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